Dandruff are those dry and white flakes on the skin which when happens one has to brush off often from shoulders and collars. Though this is harmless it can be very itchy and embarrassing sometimes. Also, this is not a very good condition for your hair no matter how often you wash it. Also, it harms the scalp as well.
One should always look for dandruff symptoms and the early warning signs so that they can prevent or take proper measures to cure them. It is said that skin cells that grow and die too fast can create these problems. There is a very common fungus called Malassezia which can be the main reason for dandruff formation. This fungus lives on the scalp of most healthy adults without causing any problems. One reason is that the immune system of someone with dandruff may overreact to that fungus.
One common cause of dandruff formation is seborrheic dermatitis or seborrhoea and some people who have dandruff problems can also have this seborrheic dermatitis on the other areas of their body. This can happen at ears, a centre of the chest or at the nose areas.
Itchy scalp is the most common symptom of dandruff. If you have dandruff on the scalp, itching might be a regular symptom that you will experience. The itching is caused due to the loose visible flakes. These visible flakes are the dead cells that are accumulated on the scalp. This common type of dandruff is mainly noticed during winter. Dry scalp is the main cause of winter dandruff. You need not worry when having such a disorder, this goes away with time.
The other major symptom of dandruff is hair fall. No matter how strong the dandruff attack is, hair fall is a very common thing to experience here. Loosing 20 to 50 hairs per day can be considered normal but an alarming rate of hair fall can be a major symptom of dandruff.
Dandruff can also lead to dull and dry hair. Dandruff tends to extract the existing oil from the scalp, leaving the hair dry and lifeless. Your hair may appear dull and unmanageable even after proper brushing. You will have to treat this with utmost care.
Due to heavy dandruff problems, one can see some sudden outbreaks of acne and pimples on the face. Also if it happens because of dandruff, then it appears to be a bit reddish. Also, these pimples can be a bit painful. When dandruff is eradicated, these pimples go away easily.
There are also some studies which have shown that dandruff can be the cause of chronic constipation and irregular bowel syndromes.
The treatment of dandruff depends on the type of dandruff one has. One can consult an experienced dermatologist so that they can prescribe a proper cure for it. They can also prescribe ketomac anti-dandruff shampoo which can be mixed with regular shampoo and then used at a regular interval to remove dandruff problems. One can also use some home remedies to treat them.